Concussions are brain injuries which result in a temporary loss of normal brain function typically caused by a blow to the head. It is estimated by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH )that more than 1 million mild traumatic brain injuries occur nationwide each year.
The American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) emphasizes that even mild concussions should not be taken lightly. Neurosurgeons and other brain-injury experts say there is no such thing as a “minor concussion.”
Those who have had a concussion in the past are also at risk of having another one and may find that it takes longer to recover if they have another concussion. Some studies have found that the risk for a second injury is greatest in the 10 days following an initial concussion.
If a loved one has suffered from a CTE brain injury or a preventable head injury, contact a Cincinnati concussion lawyer to discuss who may be liable for medical costs and damages.
Common Causes of Concussions
Concussions can be caused by falls, car crashes, VA claims, or recreational activities like bike riding, skateboarding or skiing.
Sports remain a major risk for the younger population. According to the NIH, more than half of concussions occur in children—often when playing organized athletics.
According to the University of Pittsburgh’s Brain Trauma Research Center, more than 300,000 sports-related concussions occur annually in the US.
Concussions are also a significant problem for military veterans. Because service men and women are already under a considerable amount of stress, it can take much longer for their body to recover completely.
NCAA and NFL football players are among individuals with a high proportion of brain injuries like concussions, ALS and Football Head Injuries.
How Concussions Damage the Brain
The skull protects the brain against penetrating trauma, but it cannot absorb all the impact of a violent force. An abrupt blow to the head, can cause the brain to make contact with the inner side of the skull. There is a potential for tearing blood vessels, pulling of nerve fibers and bruising of the brain.
In severe cases, the brain tissue begins to swell.
Brain swelling after a concussion can amplify the severity of the injury. Brain swelling in minor head trauma is more significant in small children than in adults.