VINYL CHLORIDE


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Vinyl chloride is a widely used chemical, most well-known as a material in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic and vinyl products. It has been used for many years in a variety of other commercial and industrial products, though recent studies have concluded that it is highly toxic, and linked to several serious illnesses, including cancer.

Vinyl chloride (VC) is produced almost exclusively for polymerization into polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a plastic used in the auto, tire and rubber industry, homebuilding, construction piping, packaging, wire coatings, and transportation. Vinyl chloride may also be present in household products such as flooring, furniture and water piping. Global PVC pipe production in 2002 was valued at over US$19 billion.

The majority of VC-related brain cancer cases have been associated with occupational exposure, where workers were highly exposed through inhalation and oral exposure. Studies in workers who have inhaled toxins over many years show an increased risk of developing brain cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer and some cancers of the blood.

Subsequent lawsuits and settlements are valued at millions of dollars, compensating victims and their families for medical expenses and the loss of life. Several studies over recent years have confirmed a positive association between vinyl chloride (VC) and serious diseases. Workers in the chemical, plastics, automotive and homebuilding fields are among those with the highest cancer risk.

By most health agencies, including the World Health Organization and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), vinyl chloride is universally considered to be a highly potent chemical carcinogen.

The majority of cancer cases have been associated with occupational exposure, in which workers were regularly and highly exposed to vinyl chloride through inhalation and oral exposure. High levels of vinyl chloride may cause serious central nervous system effects, and long-term exposure has resulted in liver damage and a rare cancer called angiosarcoma.

Joe Lyon is a highly-rated Cincinnati Personal Injury Lawyer who has represented individuals nationwide in toxic tort claims. If you have been injured due to exposure to vinyl chloride on the job in Ohio, and have questions about your legal rights, please contact The Lyon Firm.

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ABOUT THE LYON FIRM

Joseph Lyon has 17 years of experience representing individuals in complex litigation matters. He has represented individuals in every state against many of the largest companies in the world.

The Firm focuses on single-event civil cases and class actions involving corporate neglect & fraud, toxic exposure, product defects & recalls, medical malpractice, and invasion of privacy.

NO COST UNLESS WE WIN

The Firm offers contingency fees, advancing all costs of the litigation, and accepting the full financial risk, allowing our clients full access to the legal system while reducing the financial stress while they focus on their healthcare and financial needs.


Vinyl Chloride Cancer Studies


The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has determined that vinyl chloride is a known carcinogen. Cancer is a real and serious concern for workers exposed to vinyl chloride orally and through inhalation.

Vinyl chloride exposure has been shown to increase the risk of a rare form of liver cancer called angiosarcoma. Angiosarcoma attacks the lining of blood vessels, and can occur in any area of the body. Studies in workers who inhale vinyl chloride over many years show an increased risk of liver, brain, and lung cancer.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has their own independent concerns, and has classified vinyl chloride as a “Group A human carcinogen.” Exposure to the toxic material is likely to cause reactions that target the liver, brain, and lungs.


VC Exposure Symptoms


Some individuals exposed to high levels of VC at the workplace develop a unique set of symptoms medical experts call “vinyl chloride disease,” where changes in the bones at the end of the fingers cause numbness, joint and muscle pain, and skin changes. Other early signs and symptoms of toxic exposure may include:

•    Eye irritation
•    Kidney irritation
•    Cardiac arrhythmias
•    Dizziness
•    Fatigue
•    Memory loss
•    Peripheral neuropathy


Symptoms of a related cancer will depend on where the cancer originated and if it has spread to other parts of the body. In its early stages, soft tissue sarcomas may not cause any signs and symptoms.

However, as the tumor grows, it may cause noticeable lumps or swelling. Tumors may spread in an irregular pattern near the surface of the skin, or as masses in internal organs. Primary origins of angiosarcoma include the heart, breast, neck, head, liver, spleen, bone, or brain.


Industrial Vinyl Chloride Exposure


One known factor that may increase your risk of developing cancerous sarcomas in the liver includes heavy chemical exposure at certain worksites such as automotive plants and homebuilding sites. Arsenic and vinyl chloride are linked to angiosarcoma cancer, as are certain pesticides and dioxins.

Most of the vinyl chloride produced in the United States is used to make PVC, a material used to manufacture plastic and vinyl products including residential piping, wire and cable coatings, and packaging materials. These products may be intended for commercial or residential use. VC is also used in furniture, automobile upholstery, wall coverings, housewares, and automotive parts.

Workers at homebuilding sites or facilities where vinyl chloride is produced or used may be exposed primarily through inhalation. The highest levels are found in air around factories that produce vinyl products.

The majority of those who fall ill after heavy exposure work in an environment where vinyl chloride is discharged as a gas, mostly from factories that manufacture or process vinyl chloride, automotive production sites, or chemical waste storage. Occupational exposure to VC may also occur during transport, disposal, or handling a finished product, such as on a homebuilding site.


Does Vinyl Chloride Cause Cancer?


Vinyl chloride exposure is associated with an increased risk of a rare form of liver cancer called angiosarcoma, as well as a number of other serious conditions including the following:

•    Angiosarcoma
•    Brain cancer
•    Lung cancer
•    Lymphoma
•    Leukemia
•    Oral cancer
•    Liver cancer
•    Kidney damage
•    Blood clotting
•    Male infertility
•    Birth Defects


Occupational VC Exposure


•    Construction workers
•    Petrochemical production plant workers
•    Autoworkers
•    Tire & Rubber plant workers
•    Plastic pipe (PVC) manufacturers
•    Toy manufactures
•    Furniture and upholstery workers


Brain Cancer Associated with VC Exposure


The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has classified vinyl chloride as a “Group A human carcinogen.” Exposure to VC is likely to cause chemical reactions that target the brain, liver, and lungs.

VC exposure is associated with an increased risk of developing glioblastoma brain tumors, as well as a number of other serious conditions. 


Workers and Residents Exposed to Vinyl Chloride


The biggest dangers of VC come during the production process. First, the vinyl chloride monomer is produced and shipped to plants that produce a polyvinyl chloride resin. At this stage, VC is polymerized and then fabricated into a myriad of finished products.

If exposed as a result of breathing the chemical’s vapors, the body’s central nervous system may be depressed. Acute exposures may result in lightheadedness and nausea. Severe exposure may cause death.

Chronic exposure may result in liver damage and brain tumor formation. Some cancer cases may take up to 15 years to develop after the initial exposure.


Brain Cancer Clusters


For decades, health officials have known VC to cause cancer. After a high incidence of brain cancer among workers at the Texas Union Carbide Corp. petrochemical plant, a federal health investigation determined VC was the likely suspect.

Around the same time, another cluster of brain cancer cases was discovered at a Monsanto plant, where vinyl chloride was produced. In 2014, residents of McCullom Lake, Illinois, settled a lawsuit in which they claimed exposure to VC from a nearby Dow Chemical plant. A brain cancer cluster of 33 brain tumors was reported.

Some PVC plants around the country still emit vinyl chloride into the air. In 2014, companies reported releasing more than 500,000 pounds of VC into the atmosphere, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.


American VC and PVC products


•    GenCorp
•    JM Eagle
•    Cresline Plastic Pipe Co.
•    Atkore Plastic Pipe
•    Pacific Plastic Inc.
•    Spears Manufacturing Co.
•    North American Pipe Corp.
•    Crumpler Plastic Pipe Corp.
•    National Pipe & Plastics Inc.
•    Dow Chemical Co.
•    Monsanto Chemical Co.
•    Shell Oil Co.


Toxic Exposure Settlement


Thousands of people in America still work in production sites using vinyl chloride, and thousands of others work with the secondary toxic products in fabrication, flooring, siding, medical equipment, electrical wiring, cables and other products.

In addition, former workers in the homebuilding, automotive and chemical plastics industry are likely to have been exposed to toxins and may have a claim against former manufacturers and employers.

Toxic tort cases in Ohio can be filed against manufacturers of vinyl chloride, or any other employer that subjects employees to unsafe conditions, and results in an injury or illness.

Many corporations around the country know how dangerous this toxic substance is, but choose not to warn or properly protect employees. These companies have been held responsible by attorneys nationwide to compensate victims.

photo of attorney Joe Lyon
A Voice for Those who have suffered

Why are these cases important?

Toxic exposure cases help empower employees to fight for their right to be protected, satisfactorily informed, and to stay safe. They also bring awareness to challenge and higher the expectations of companies who are not serving their employees justly.

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Questions about Toxic Exposure

Toxic Tort Litigation

Learn More About Benzene

Benzene is a highly-volatile chemical used in gasoline and as a solvent in many chemical and pharmaceutical products. In 2010, the World Health Organization said exposure to Benzene was a “major public health concern.”

It is a concern because Benzene as a toxin that may cause blood cancer such as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute non lymphatic leukemia. The IARC classifies it as a group 1 carcinogen. Benzene is considered as toxic as substances such as asbestos.

The American Public Health Association reports that three million workers in United States at auto mechanic and repair shops, gas stations, shipping loading docks, paint manufacturing plants, printers, gas truck drivers, and rubber manufacturing facilities are at risk.

Our Victories

The Lyon Firm aggressively, professionally, and passionately advocates for injured individuals and families against companies due to a defective product or recalled product to obtain just compensation under the law. 

LEAD PAINT EXPOSURE

 

(Hamilton County, Ohio): Confidential Settlement. Lead Counsel in a case that involved secondary lead exposure to two children. Their father worked at a local recycling plant that routinely recycled computer equipment. The company violated numerous OSHA regulations related to providing safety equipment and clothing to prevent lead particles from being transferred home. As a result, the Plaintiffs father transferred lead dust to his children who then suffered lead poisoning. The case was covered extensively by the Cincinnati news media and referenced in peer-reviewed medical literature. The settlement will provide educational needs to the children who suffered neurological injuries due the exposure.


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